Polysemic the characteristic of media texts as fundamentally ambiguous and legitimately interpretable in different ways. Audience reception theory hegemony hegemony according to hall, describes the subtle sway of societys haves over its have nots. The effects model or the hypodermic model the uses and gratifications model reception theory. Audience and reception studies research papers academia. In this context, wharton 2005 underlined social components in the reception process.
The application of stuart halls audience reception theory. Stuart halls audience reception theory can help us make sense of this confusing phenomenon. View audience and reception studies research papers on academia. Reception theory is generally referred to as audience reception in the analysis of communications models. Roger silverstone centers on audience reception and audience ethnography as partial solutions to some key theoretical problemswith identifying the meaning of a text, with the concept of ideology, and with the difficulty of. Three important steps forward in audience studies have taken place, however. Reception theory proposed that individuals actively shape the meaning of advertising, and audiences do not passively receive meaning plunkey, 2010. A reception theory of rationality is one that holds that the rationality of an argument depends upon its acceptance by a rational audience. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Audiences and reception theory by julie martin stuart halls encodingdecoding model of communication essentially states that meaning is encoded by the sender and decoded by the receiver and that these encoded meanings may be decoded to mean something else. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a pdf of a single chapter of a title in oxford handbooks online for personal use for details see. Audiences and reception theory by julie martin stuart halls. Sage books the ultimate social sciences digital library.
Hall 1993, 101 within this position, there is little misunderstanding and miscommunication, as both sender and receiver are working under. Similarly, readerresponse criticism also refers to a general shift in attention from the. It teaches that overarching purpose or meaning is a process of interaction and reaction between the reader and. Three approaches to media reception and audience reception. Reception theory as developed by stuart hall asserts that media texts are encoded and decoded. Newspaper front pages are used to define the theory, so this would be particularly useful for the wjec media gcse exam.
Halls model of communication moved away from the view that the media had the. Audience theory free download as powerpoint presentation. Also known as reception analysis, audience reception theory has come to be widely used as a way of characterizing the wave of audience research which occurred within communications and. There are three theories of audience that we can apply to help us come to a better understanding about the relationship between texts and audience. The theory states that media texts are encoded by the producer meaning that whoever produces the text fills the product with values and messages. The idea of an audiences reception in film studies has largely been based on the idea of the spectator. Theorists who analyze media through reception studies are concerned with the experience of cinema and television viewing for spectators, and how meaning is created through that. Stuart hall developed reception theory, popularly known as audience theory or readers reception theory, in 1973.
The audience reception theory a dominant reading is where the audience decodes the message as the producer wants them to do and broadly agrees with it. As well as the fact that it is normally considered that this effect is negative and the audiences are passive and powerless to prevent the influence. Hall proposed a new model of mass communication which highlighted the importance of active interpretation within relevant codes. A reception theory is a philosophy, usually applied to literature, that recognizes the audience as an essential element to understanding the works larger meaning. Audience decoding of advertisements is a combination of producer intent and a. The national association for media literacy educations journal of media literacy education 73, 54 72 rap music literacy.
Unlike the first works by david morley, reception analysis minimized the. Stuart halls encoding decoding model of communication essentially states that meaning is encoded by the. From sourcedominated to activeaudience propaganda theories are concerned with audiences. Audience reception theory can be traced back to work done by british sociologist stuart hall and his communication model first revealed in an essay titled encodingdecoding. Virginia nightingale held the position of associate professor with the school of communication arts at the university of western sydney until her retirement in 2010. A quick introduction to stuart halls audience theory of encodingdecoding. It provides an analysis of how audiences perceive a certain media message, what meanings do they drive, how do they associate to it, what events of their and others life do they relate to it, how do the message fulfill their needs and satisfaction and what effect does.
Reception theory encoding and decoding there is a theory that suggests texts are encoded with different messages and meanings that an audience decodes upon reception. Sage business cases real world cases at your fingertips. In contrast to theories that understand the audience as passive, simply absorbing the meanings and messages embedded in a text, reception theorists argue that meaning emerges processually in the interaction between the text and the socially situated audience. This theory was put forward by professor stuart hall in the television discourse encodingdecoding in 1974, with later research by david morley and charlotte brunsden. Sage reference the complete guide for your research journey. The philosophy of argument and audience reception by. Why should such apparently simple balances and contextualizations prove difficult for audience reception and. Reception theory emphasizes the active role played by the spectator in constructing and interpreting the meaning of a text. This is the idea that the consumption of media texts has an effect or influence upon the audience.
Rhetoric and the reception theory of rationality in the. Pdf a year ahead of the 2019 presidential election, the euphoria of the democratic party has begun. Three approaches to media reception and audience reception studies. The role of audience in composition theory and pedagogy, college composition and communication 35. These terms are generally used interchangeably, but when the latter is distinguished from the. According to this sort of theory, a book or articles true purpose cannot be understood without considering the readers. First is the emergence of general agreement that the reception experience, for most people, is not so.
Different spectators will decode the text in different ways, not always in the way the producer intended. Sage video bringing teaching, learning and research to life. Reception analysis takes a closer look at what is actually going on when an audience encounters a media text. Text and the audience 2 to discover the oldest theory of reception we need to travel back in time and unearth aristotles poetics. In literary studies, reception theory originated from the work of hansrobert jauss in the late 1960s, and the most. Holub 1949 characterizes reception theory as a general shift in concern from the author and the work to the text and the reader. In other words, angs argument maintains that the economically motivated audience of the media industry is a discursive fiction, whereas the audience of social reality remains a legitimate object of study. The power of propaganda resides in its ability to quickly reach vast audiences and expose them to the same simple but subversive messages. Preferred or dominant reading in reception studies the.
The interest in the active audience raised by the cultural studies in the second half of the. Perhaps the most general critical approach focusing on the audience or reader, obvious in its very name, is audienceoriented or readerresponse. The handbook of media audiences wiley online books. Media and audiences with karen ross, 2003, and new media worlds. The producer encodes messages and values into their media which are then decoded by the audience. Click download or read online button to get reception theory book now. Three approaches to media reception and audience reception studies this paper was part of my comp exams, or qualification exams, that i needed to complete before being allowed to do my dissertation. Reception theory provides a means of understanding media texts by understanding how these texts are read by audiences. This theory was put forward by professor stuart hall in the television discourse encodingdecoding in 1974, with later research by david morley and.
The interpretation of texts thus changes over time see also aesthetic distance. A critical introduction 1984, reception theory refers throughout to a general shift in concern from the author and the work to the text and the reader. Reception studies audience centered theory that focuses on how various types of audience members make sense of specific forms of content sometimes referred to as reception analysis. Scott journal of media literacy education 73, 54 72. This study conceives the audiences as active interpreters of media text messages. Which is to say, as film studies has routinely been uninterested with the real audience of films, it cannot be expected that they would be interested in the actual reception and interpretation of films. A negotiated reading is where the audience accepts, rejects or refines elements of the text in a light of previously held views. Reception theory download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi.
Identity, identification, and media representation in. Pdf audience in reception analysis perspective researchgate. Reception theory is a version of reader response literary theory that emphasizes each particular readers reception or interpretation in making meaning from a literary text. New perspectives with karen ross, 2003 and critical readings. Extending the pragmadialectical theory of argumentation. The uses and gratifications theory has beendebated as to its accuracy and relevance in evaluating an audiencesutilization ofmass media. When philosophers recognize the historically contingent nature of what counts as rational, they can embrace a reception theory of rationality that neither reduces the rational to mere opinion nor restricts. Pdf audience reception analysis of moroccan public service. The dominanthegemonic position is when the viewer, or audience member, is located within the dominant point of view.
His essay encoding and decoding television discourse focuses on the encoding and decoding of the content given to the audience no matter the form of media such as magazinespapers, televisionradios, games. A thoughtful synthesis of emerging ideas in audience research in the heyday of research on the mass audience for television. Reception analysis is an active audience theory that looks at how audiences interact with a media text taking into account their situated culture this is their daily life. The sphere of consumption has in general been seen as feminine compared to production and in much mass communication theory the audience is. However, different audience members will decode the media in different ways and possibly not in the way the producer originally intended. The term is also often applied to the work of iser and more broadly to the. Cq press your definitive resource for politics, policy and people. An audience reception study adrienne shaw a dissertation in communication presented to the faculties of the university of pennsylvania in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy 2010 supervisor of dissertation. Media effects theory and marxist theory assumes passivity. This paper basically serves as the backbone for how i understand reception studies and how i do such research. Article pdf available in international journal of advanced research 511. The thought that texts ave numerous possible meanings is polysemic.425 295 1641 791 1222 563 704 189 327 97 506 1101 1665 1368 280 1415 1114 1022 1427 83 143 1174 650 559 663 343 789 1404 467 1073 96 14 1275 696 1157 555 231 48 967 107