Islamic philosophy, mulla sadra, transcendent philosophy, works of mulla sadra, principality of existence, transsubstantial motion. He tries to prove the reality of the attributes in a way that would not defy the unity of gods essence. The book has a unique place as to its comprehension and influence on islamic wisdom in recent centuriesin particular, shiite wisdom. His major philosophical work is the asfar the four journeys, which runs to nine volumes in the present printed edition and is a complete. Mulla sadra was born in shiraz, in what is now iran, to a notable family of court officials in 1571 or 1572, in mulla sadras time, the safavid dynasty governed over iran.
A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. The development of metaphysics in persia, is iqbals doctoral thesis submittedto professor f. Phenomenology of soul in mulla sadra s school springerlink. Mulla sadra wanted to write a comprehensive and complete exegesis of the whole quran, but he did not find the occasion to do so. Not surprisingly, mulla sadra cites wellknown works by ibn sina such as alshifa and alna j at, but janssens draws us to the fact that the asfar more formally known as alhikmat almutaaliyya fi lasfar alaqliyyat alarbaa on occasion makes periodic references and allusions to yet another avicennian work, the arguably lesser. Since this dualism is a mental factor, the dynamic character of being should be. One of sadras later works in which he gives a summa of his ontology with short and dense discussions of some theological issues. Ia juga membuat banyak karya tulis, karya tulis yang dibuat oleh mulla shadra lebih dari 20 karya, antara lain sebagai berikut. An introduction to the philosophy of mulla sadra princeton library of asian translations. Mulla sadra is thought by some to be the single most important and influential philosopher in the muslim world in the last four hundred years.
Mulla sadra on existence, intellect, and intuition ibrahim kalin this study looks at how the seventeenthcentury philosopher sadr aldin alshirazi, known as mulla sadra, attempted to reconcile the three major forms of knowledge in islamic philosophical discourses. Alhikma almutaaliya fi lasfar alaqliyya alarbaa book. In about 10401630, he wrote the book, mafatih alghayb li fath khazain alulum almubarraa an alshakk wa lrayb as a prolegomenon to his wouldbe comprehensive exegesis of the quran. A clarification and a comparison with thomas aquinas, journal of shia islamic studies 2, no. Mulla sadras ontology is an important philosophical turn and contribution to. The ontology of mulla sadr shirazi faculty of humanities.
This is the second and original english translation of mulla sadras almashair information about the book is given below. Ia merupaka n anak yang cerdas dan memiliki minat yang. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Mulla sadra started studying under them and, through his outstanding talents, became the best of all their students in a very short time. He explores the philosophical turn, ontological difference, becoming, and nothingness in the ontology of mulla sadra and martin heidegger. Mulla sadras philosophical system is built upon the findings of earlier masters, and in many cases his stand on philosophical and theological issues makes sense only as a response to older views. The body gives from childhood to become old but the truth and reality of a person remain stable. The main works of sadra used in this regard are his asfar al. Safavid kings granted independence to fars province, which was ruled by the kings brother. Mulla sadras father, khwajah ibrahim qawami, was a. Shaykh baha was not only an expert in islamic sciences particularly in jurisprudence, hadith, interpretation, theology, and gnosis, but also a. His full name is muhammad ibn ibrahim al qawam al shirazi, and he is commonly known as mulla sadra.
According to mulla sadra, the level of destiny or um alkitab is unchangeable and is referred to also as the protected slate and supreme pen. He wrote a book titled al asfar meaning the yellow or the light. This is an original paper in the english language as it presents the most important aspects of mulla sadra s philosophy. As the following pages show, sadra s system, despite certain inner difficulties, is a highly original one revealing the extraordinary intellectual. Mulla sadra was in fact so devoted to this term that he used it as part of the title love his major opus which is alasfar alarbaah filhikmat almutaaliyah the. Asfar e arba, tarjuma maulana modudi, quantity add to cart sku. Mulla sadra held the view that reality is existence. The philosophy of mulla sadra being a summary of his book. It is significant from the point of view of both the history of quranic commentary and islamic philosophy. Mulla sadra was a master of all science of his time. Kitab almashair the book of metaphysical penetrations. Mulla sadra was in fact so devoted to this term that he used it as part of the title love his major opus which is alasfar alarbaah filhikmat almutaaliyah the four journeys concerning transcendent theosophy.
The word asfar also denotes a journey of the soul back to allah. His eschatology and transcendent philosophy is a work that seeks to analyze mullah sadras theory of afterlife through his divine philosophy. Karyakarya mulla sadra mulla shadra di kala itu, dikenal sebagai penerus aliran isyraz dan penyempurna berbagai aliran filsafat islam sebelumnya. Philosophical analysis of the relationship of destiny and. Mulla sadra dan gagasan teosofi transenden akidah filsafat. From this fundamental starting point, mulla sadra was able to find original solutions to many of the logical, metaphysical and theological difficulties which he had inherited from his predecessors. Mulla sadras philosophical system is built upon the findings of earlier masters, and in many cases his stand on philosophical and theological issues. Click download or read online button to get the fundamental principles of mulla sadra s transcendent philosophy book now. Mulla sadra is one of the most significant philosophers of the later period of islamic philosophy.
His main work is the transcendent theosophy in the four journeys of the intellect, or simply four journeys. As the following pages show, sadras system, despite certain inner difficulties, is a highly original one revealing the extraordinary intellectual. Mulla sadras philosophy ambitiously synthesized avicennism, shahab aldin suhrawardis illuminationist philosophy, ibn arabis sufi metaphysics, and the theology of the ashari school and twelvers. Safavid kings granted independence to fars province, which was ruled by the kings brother, mulla sadras father, khwajah ibrahim qavami, who was a knowledgeable and extremely faithful politician. Preexistence of souls to bodies in sadra s philosophy. Mulla sadra s intellectual journey mulla sadra, as a student at isfahan, had been taught by or came under the influence of such thinkers as mir muhammad baqir astarabadi mir damad, shaikh baha uddin amuli shaikh bahai and mir abul qasim findiriski. It is the latter that is the real bearer of life and in direct relation with the soul ibid. Mulla sadra also spelt molla sadra or mollasadra, also called sadr aldin alshirazi or sadrol mota allehin c. He developed his book into an entire school of thought, he did not refer to al asfar as a philosophy. The philosophy of mulla sadra being a summary of his book alhikmah almutaaliyah fi alasfar alaqliyyah alarbaah article pdf available november 2009 with 2,538 reads how we. Whether essences of things are substance or accident, is the distinction, which expresses the actual status of things. Mulla sadra was the sole child born into a courtly family in shiraz, southern iran, in around 979 ah157172.
Mulla sadra, as a student at isfahan, had been taught by or 178 6 the philosophy of mulla sadra came under the influence of such thinkers as mir muhammad baqir astarabadi mir damad, shaikh baha uddin amuli shaikh bahai and mir abul qasim findiriski. The paper begins with an examination of allamahs footnote. Those on the asfar can be found in the footnotes of the printed edition of that work see mulla sadra. In a unique parallel analysis, muhammad kamal delves into the most controversial subjects of islamic and western existential philosophy. The analysis of the substantive motion arguments of mulla. A bright young man, his interest in intellectual pursuits was indulged by his father, and he moved first to qazvin in ah1591 and then to isfahan in 1006 ah1597, successive capitals of the safavid empire, to pursue his study of philosophy, theology. In his alasfar sadra argues that the essence of external world experience is grasped by the mind and preserved in it, but when it is. His honorific title sadr aldin pandit of religion, indicates his accepted rank within traditional theological circle, while his. The complete title of the book as mulla sadra himself named it is alhikma almutaaliya fi lasfar alaqliyya alarba. Pdf the philosophy of mulla sadra being a summary of his. Mulla sadra sadr aldin muhammad alshirazi 157121640. It is said that mulla sadras father served as the minister of the ruler of fars. It also presents mulla sadra alshirazis metaphysical commentary and records the earlier commentaries on the light verse.
Mindbody relationship in philosophy of mulla sadra since mulla sadra believes motion in substance, he talks of movement of soul starting from material soul to eternal soul. Mulla sadra has quoted this argument in asfar and considered it as the confusion between the essence and existence and taking the potential instead of the actual. This text is a note that allamah tabatabai wrote about mulla sadra s asfar pertaining to a proof for the existence of god, called the burhan alsiddiqin proof of the sincere. Click download or read online button to get mulla sadra book now. Sadr aldin shirazi, known as mulla sadra, appeared nearly a thousand years after the rise of islam and his works represent a synthesis of the millennium of islamic thought which preceded him. On the hermeneutics of the light verse of the quran.
Best urdu safarnama, falsafa books urdu, maulana abul ala maududi books, mulla sadra books, mulla sadra books urdu, shan publications hyderabad. Review of spiritual psychology of mulla sadra translated from volume 8 of asfar alarbaah, london. The philosophy of mulla sadra being a summary of his book alhikmah almutaaliyah fi alasfar alaqliyyah alarbaah pdf. In addition to the translation of the original text, he. The level of providence, size and geometry is called book of elimination and establishment because there is a possibility of change of. Mulla sadra s ontology is an important philosophical turn and contribution to the understanding of the development of muslim philosophy and thought. The word ijtihad masdar of mujtahid is used in the sense of the spiritual efforts toward the perfec tion of the soul as found in mulla sadras alhikma almutaaliyya ft lasfar alaqliyya alarbaa qum. This text is a note that allamah tabatabai wrote about mulla sadras asfar pertaining to a proof for the existence of god, called the burhan alsiddiqin proof of the sincere. Mulla sadras transcendent philosophy ashgate world.
Unfortunately there is still not a single comprehensive study on his system as a whole apart from the late fazlur rahmans 1975 work, the philosophy of mulla sadra. About iqbals doctoral thesis the development of metaphysics in persia. Hommelof munich university, germany, on november 4, 1907. Not only has mulla sadra differed from ibn sina and other muslim peripatetic on the issue of essence and existance, but also on the problem of substance, movement, time. Mulla sadra s philosophy ambitiously synthesized avicennism, shahab aldin suhrawardis illuminationist philosophy, ibn arabis sufi metaphysics, and the theology of the ashari school and twelvers. Sadradin shirazi 1571 1640, known also as mulla sadra, spoke of the primacy of being and promoted a new ontology, founding a new epistemology. In mulla sadras time, the safavid dynasty ruled iran. Sadradin shirazi 15711640, known also as mulla sadra, spoke of the primacy of being and promoted a new ontology, founding a new epistemology.
Ibrahim sadr aldin shirazi 1992, sence is conceptual and exists only in the mind. The fundamental principles of mulla sadra s transcendent. In alasfar and almabda walma ad, mulla sadra has elaborated on several attributes including life, knowledge, will, speech, vision and hearing. Filsafat mulla sadra pdf this paper tries to discuss the main muslim philosopher thought after averroes, thats mulla sadra. Asfar contains the bulk of his philosophy, which was influenced by a personal mysticism bordering on the ascetic that he experienced during a 15year retreat at kahak, a village near qom, iran. Mulla sadra has 30 books on goodreads with 1440 ratings. List of works in addition to the works listed below, alsabzawari wrote glosses on several works by mulla sadra. Full text of philosophy of mulla sadra and its influence on.
Mulla sadra his life and works sadra lived from approximately 9801571 to 10501640. Mulla sadra has also quoted this argument in shavahed ol raboubieh and answered it based on the existence of motion in the form of quantity and quality iranpour, 2008, 47. Mulla sadra maintains two referents for body, one an external and destructible body, and the other a body which is hidden in the former one. Mulla sadras philosophy based directly on his various writings in arabic language, such as asfar, alshawahid alrububiyya, almabda wa lmaad, arshiyyah, almashair and mafatih alghayb. Allamah tabatabais footnote to mulla sadras proof of the. The focus during this research will be on the works of mulla sadra shirazi, and at its most comprehensive and most important philosophical work alhikmah almutaaliya fi alasfar alaqliyyat alarbaah the transcendent philosophy in the four journeys of intellect, which offers a. The material for this dissertation had to be collected from numerous manuscripts preserved. In addition to the translation of the original text, he added extended footnotes as well as commentaries explaining the. To paraphrase fazlur rahman on mulla sadra s existential cosmology. The present work aims at a critical and analytical statement of the philosophy of sadr aldin alshirazi known as multa sadra d. Sadr aldin shirazi mulla sadra this chapter has been written with the invaluable help of hajj mohammad hussain tabatabai, one of the leading authorities on the school of mulla sadra in iran today, the author of the 20volume quranic commentary almizan and the editor and commentator of the new edition of the asfar. Known more commonly as mulla sadra, he was born in shiraz where he received his early education. The book has a unique place as to its comprehension and influence on islamic wisdom in. Mulla sadra project gutenberg selfpublishing ebooks.1382 1145 990 1593 287 496 1420 758 1107 56 1341 1511 690 720 1470 675 1553 432 1618 993 244 1441 252 469 1153 1436 828 58 1052 622 1078 1380 589 1037 477 1397 839